Understanding Regulatory Cost and Effectiveness: Evidence from India

Thursday, 3 August, 2017
Abstract: 
We compile a unique dataset on India’s controversial environmental clearance (EC) process, the system through which large investment projects receive government approval before breaking ground. In the mining sector, we find that EC may be an inefficient tool for environment protection: though the process is more stringent for mines with larger environmental risk, it gives preferential treatment to mines in politically aligned areas, and almost all mines ultimately receive clearance.