Procuring Firm Growth: The Effects of Government Purchases on Firm Dynamics

This paper tests whether demand shocks affect firm dynamics. Ferraz, Finan and Szerman (2015) examine whether firms that win government procurment contracts grow more compared to firms that compete for these contracts but do not win. They assemble a comprehensive data set combining matched employer-employee data for the universe of formal firms in Brazil with the universe of federal government procurement contracts over the period of 2004 to 2010. Exploiting a quasi-experimental design, they find that winning at least one contract in a given quarter increases firm growth by 2.2 percentage points over that quarter, with 93% of the new hires coming from either unemployment or the informal sector. These effects also persist well beyond the length of the contracts. Part of this persistence comes from firms participating and winning more future auctions, as well as penetrating other markets.

Authors

Claudio Ferraz

Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia

Frederico Finan

University of California, Berkeley

Dimitri Szerman

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro