Brazil

Agricultural Productivity and Structural Transformation: Evidence from Brazil

In this paper, published in the American Economic Review, Bustos, Caprettini and Ponticelli (2016) study the effects of the adoption of new agricultural technologies on structural transformation.

Journal Article
1 Jun 2016

Earnings Inequality and the Minimum Wage: Evidence from Brazil

Moser and Engbom (2021) show that a rise in the minimum wage accounts for a large decline in earnings inequality in Brazil since 1994. To this end, they combine rich administrative and survey data with an equilibrium model of the Brazilian labour market.

Working Paper
11 May 2021

Patronage and Selection in Public Sector Organizations

In all modern bureaucracies, politicians retain some discretion in public employment decisions, which may lead to frictions in the selection process if political connections substitute for individual competence.

Journal Article
1 Oct 2020

Industrialization without Innovation

The introduction of labor-saving technologies in agriculture can release workers who find occupation in the manufacturing sector. The traditional view is that this structural transformation process leads to economic growth.

Working Paper
1 Aug 2020

The Agricultural Wage Gap: Evidence from Brazilian Micro-data

A key feature of developing economies is that wages in agriculture are below those of other sectors.

Journal Article
1 Jan 2020

Corruption and Firms

Colonnelli and Prem (2019) estimate the causal real economic effects of a randomized anticorruption crackdown on local governments in Brazil over the period 2003-2014.

Working Paper
1 Sep 2019

Who Creates New Firms When Local Opportunities Arise?

New firm formation is a critical driver of job creation, and an important contributor to the responsiveness of the economy to aggregate shocks.

Working Paper
18 Sep 2018

Firms and the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil

In this paper, published in the American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, Alvarez, Benguria, Engbom and Moser (2018) document a large decline in earnings inequality in Brazil between 1996 and 2012.

Journal Article
1 Jan 2018

Firm Entry Barriers, Growth Constraints, and Job Creation

Bazzi, Muendler and Rauch (2017) use new data on credit transactions and formal firms in Brazil to identify the effects of a large-scale expansion in credit for small and medium enterprises.

Research Note
8 Aug 2017

Capital Allocation Across Regions, Sectors and Firms: Evidence from a Commodity Boom in Brazil

Bustos, Garber and Ponticelli (2016) study the allocation of capital across regions, sectors and firms. In particular, they assess to what extent growth in agricultural productivity can lead to an increase in the supply of credit in industry and services.

Working Paper
1 Feb 2017

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