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Industrialization without Innovation

The introduction of labor-saving technologies in agriculture can release workers who find occupation in the manufacturing sector. The traditional view is that this structural transformation process leads to economic growth.

Working Paper
1 Aug 2020

Achieving Scale Collectively

Technology is often embodied in expensive and indivisible capital goods. As a result, the small scale of firms in developing countries could hinder investment and productivity. Bassi et al.

Working Paper
31 Jul 2020

Entry, Exit and the Hazards of Firms under Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Eswatini

The goal of this paper was to estimate an empirical hazard function of firms by determining the impact of selected firm characteristics and unobserved heterogeneity on a firm‟s survival time prior to exit during a period of de factor trade liberalization.

Working Paper
21 Jul 2020

Job Search and Hiring with Two-sided Limited Information about Workseekers’ Skills

Carranza et al. (2020) present field experimental evidence that limited information about workseekers’ skills distorts both firm and workseeker behavior.

Working Paper
2 Jul 2020

Exporting Sweatshops? Evidence from Myanmar

Tanaka (2020) investigates the impacts of exporting on working conditions in Myanmar by drawing on a new firm survey.

Working Paper
1 Jul 2020

Exerting Market Power: Competition Among Agricultural Traders in Kenya

This research note describes experimental evidence from Kenya on intermediary market structure. We find that traders act consistently with joint profit maximization.

Research Note
1 Jul 2020

The Importance of Protecting Export-Oriented Firms

The COVID-19 crisis has hit everywhere at once. Lower-income countries should not expect large inflows of aid; they will be left largely to their own resources. Those resources are limited, so lower-income countries need to find leverage wherever they can.

Policy Insight
22 Jun 2020

Watering Down Environmental Regulation in China

This paper, by He, Wang and Zhang (2020), estimates the effect of environmental regulation on firm productivity using a spatial regression discontinuity design implicit in China's water quality monitoring system.

Journal Article
22 Jun 2020

Call Me Maybe: Experimental Evidence on Using Mobile Phones to Survey Microenterprises

Garlick, Orkin and Quinn (2020) analyzes the effects of differences in survey frequency and medium on microenterprise survey data. A sample of enterprises were randomly assigned to monthly in-person, weekly in-person, or weekly phone surveys for a 12-week panel.

Journal Article
1 Jun 2020

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