Management and Shocks to Worker Productivity

Journal Article
Published on 8 October 2021

Working paper available through PEDL. Article forthcoming.

Abstract

We study how managers mitigate the negative impacts of environmental shocks. Pairing productivity data from a garment firm with granular measures of air pollution, we show that productivity suffers due to pollution shocks, but that managers respond by reallocating particularly sensitive workers to improve worker-to-task matches, thus mitigating team producivity losses. Responses are smaller for more inattentive managers; these same managers are also least able to mitigate productivity declines. These patterns are confirmed by leveraging variation in opportunities for reallocation, and comparing how close managers of differing attentiveness can get to the simulated production frontier via reallocating workers.

Authors

Achyuta Adhvaryu

University of Michigan

Namrata Kala

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Anant Nyshadham

University of Michigan