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Displaying 28-36 of 96 results

Bribes vs. Taxes: Market Structure and Incentives

Firms in developing countries often avoid paying taxes by making informal payments to tax officials. These bribes may raise the cost of operating a business, and the price charged to consumers.

Working Paper
6 Jul 2018

Landmines and Spatial Development

Landmine contamination affects the lives of millions in many conflict-ridden countries long after the cessation of hostilities. Yet, little research exists on its impact on post-conflict recovery.

Working Paper
18 Jun 2018

Contract Employment as a Worker Discipline Device

Fixed-term contract employment has increasingly replaced regular open-ended employment as the predominant form of employment notably in developing countries. Guided by factory-level evidence showing nuanced patterns of co-movements of regular and contract wages, Basu et al.

Working Paper
1 Jun 2018

Do Performance Ranks Increase Productivity? Evidence from a Field Experiment

While performance-based ranking may induce workers to increase effort because of status concerns, such information may also demotivate them or make them wary of outperforming peers.

Working Paper
12 Mar 2018

Earnings Inequality and the Minimum Wage: Evidence from Brazil

In this working paper Moser and Engbom (2016) assess the extent to which a rise in the minimum wage can account for three facts characterizing a large decline in earnings inequality in Brazil from 1996–2012: (i) the decline is more pronounced towards the bottom of the distribution; (ii) one quart

Working Paper
9 Mar 2018

Foreign Direct Investment and Knowledge Diffusion in Poor Locations: Evidence from Ethiopia

Abebe et al. (2018) quantify foreign direct investment (FDI) spillovers by comparing changes in total factor productivity (TFP) among domestic plants in districts that attracted a large greenfield foreign plant and districts where greenfield FDI was licensed but not yet operational.

Working Paper
1 Mar 2018

The Light and the Heat: Productivity Co-benefits of Energy-saving Technology

Measurement of the full costs and benefits of energy-saving technologies is often difficult, confounding adoption decisions. Adhvaryu et al. (2017) study consequences of the adoption of energy-efficient LED lighting in garment factories around Bangalore, India.

Working Paper
1 Feb 2018

Loan Contract Structure and Adverse Selection: Survey Evidence from Uganda

While adverse selection is an important theoretical explanation for credit rationing it is difficult to empirically quantify. One reason is that most studies measure the elasticity of credit demand of existing or previous borrowers as opposed to the population at large.

Working Paper
1 Jan 2018

Investment Dynamics, Unobserved Heterogeneity and Endogenous Investment Switching Regime in Manufacturing

This paper by Samuel V. Mhlanga (2018) investigates the industrial effects of true state dependence, the sales-to-capital ratio and unobserved heterogeneity on the rate of investment in plant, machinery and equipment (PME) in Swaziland.

Working Paper
1 Jan 2018

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