Informality

Gender Differences in Informal Labour Market Resilience

This paper reports on the universe of garment-making firm owners in a Ghanaian district capital during the COVID-19 crisis. By July 2020, 80% of both male- and female-owned firms were operational.

Working Paper
22 Sep 2022

What Really Matters in the Decision of Informal Firms to Adopt Mobile Money for Business? Evidence from Burkina Faso

This paper investigates the willingness and barriers to adoption of mobile money merchant accounts by the informal businesses in Burkina Faso.

Working Paper
31 Aug 2022

Adoption and Impacts of Digital Payment Technologies: Evidence from Informal Transit

This study investigates the barriers to digital technology adoption and the latter's impact on productivity in the informal transit sector.

Research Project
1 Aug 2022

Can Mobile Money Adoption Induce Microenterprises to Formalise? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Burkina Faso

This project will assess whether mobile money adoption can induce informal firms to formalise in Burkina Faso.

Research Project
1 Jan 2021

Small Enterprise Emergency Financial Assistance

The study estimates the relative impacts of three different implementation methods of small enterprise emergency financial assistance in Ghana.

Research Project
30 Jun 2020

To Formalize or Not to Formalize: Women Entrepreneurs’ Sensemaking of Business Registration in the Context of Nepal

Despite the depiction of decisions to formalize informal firms as rational and ethical, many entrepreneurs in developing countries continue to operate informally regardless of its perceived illicit status.

Journal Article
22 May 2020

E-Bookkeeping: Measuring Small Firm Behaviour

This project assesses whether more accurate record-keeping by small-business owners enables them to improve their business practices and whether providing complementary business advice can aid adoption of record-keeping.

Research Project
1 Nov 2019

Value of Formalization for Women Entrepreneurs in Developing Contexts: A Review and Research Agenda

Formalization is constantly being proposed as being of great benefit to business expansion and success.

Journal Article
1 Jan 2019

Entry Regulation and the Formalization of Microenterprises in Developing Countries

Is there a policy rationale for actively trying to encourage small firms to formalise? In the last two decades, hundreds of regulatory reforms have been implemented in countries across the world with the primary objective of making it easier to formally register a business.

Policy Insight
1 Dec 2018

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