Micro and Small Enterprises

Long-Run Enterprise Responses to Redistribution: Experimental Evidence from Kenya

Cash transfer programs continue to be implemented and expanded by governments and non-government organizations in many low-income countries as a tool for poverty alleviation. When implemented at scale, such programs may have important short- and long-run implications for firms. However, there are relatively few opportunities to study how an economy responds to an exogenous shock of such a magnitude, and the response of the private sector is critical in determining how these types of shocks will propagate through the economy.

Research Project
18 Sep 2019

Impacts of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Jobs on Youth: 5-Year Evidence on Factory Job Offers and Cash Grants in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, Blattman, Dercon and Franklin (2019) randomly assign mostly female jobseekers to receive an industrial job offer or an unconditional cash transfer, meant to spur self-employment.

Research Note
12 Sep 2019

Getting Capital to Microenterprises: What do we know about why and how?

Recent research illuminates the opportunity to increase incomes of microenterprise owners through the provision of capital.

Policy Paper
17 Jul 2019

Contract Design, Business Growth, and Female Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Microfinance in India

Several field experiments find positive returns to grants for male and not female micro- entrepreneurs. But these analyses overlook that female entrepreneurs often reside with a male business owner.

Research Note
5 Dec 2017

Are Small Firms Labour Constrained? Experimental Evidence from Ghana

Firms in poor countries are much smaller than firms in rich countries, with the modal firm being a single person, the owner. Meanwhile, youth unemployment and underemployment are widespread.

Research Note
19 Oct 2017

Loan Contract Structure and Adverse Selection: Survey Evidence from Uganda

While adverse selection is an important theoretical explanation for credit rationing it is difficult to empirically quantify. One reason is that most studies measure the elasticity of credit demand of existing or previous borrowers as opposed to the population at large.

Working Paper
29 Sep 2017

Growing Markets through Business Training for Female Entrepreneurs: A Market-Level Randomized Experiment in Kenya

A common concern with efforts to directly help some small businesses to grow is that their growth comes at the expense of their unassisted competitors. In this study, McKenzie and Puerto (2017) test this possibility using a two-stage randomized experiment in Kenya.

Working Paper
4 Sep 2017

Call Me Maybe: Experimental Evidence on Using Mobile Phones to Survey Microenterprises

Garlick, Orkin and Quinn (2017) run the first randomised controlled trial to compare microenterprise data from surveys of different frequency – weekly or monthly – and medium – phone or in-person.

Research Note
30 Aug 2017

Firm Entry Barriers, Growth Constraints, and Job Creation

Bazzi, Muendler and Rauch (2017) use new data on credit transactions and formal firms in Brazil to identify the effects of a large-scale expansion in credit for small and medium enterprises.

Research Note
8 Aug 2017

Challenges to Small and Medium-size Businesses in Myanmar: What are they and how do we know?

Kapteyn and Wah (2016) conducted a field study in the city of Yangon, Myanmar to investigate major obstacles to business development in the region.

Journal Article
24 Apr 2017

Pages