Policy

An Analysis of Alternative Paths to Export-Led Industrialization in African Countries: Evidence from Ethiopia and Tanzania

Growth-promoting structural change explains much of Africa's recent growth boom, especially in Ethiopia, Malawi, Senegal and Tanzania. In these countries, however, structural change has not been accompanied by labor productivity growth in the nonagricultural sectors. In fact, the expansion of services and manufacturing has typically been accompanied by low or negative productivity growth in these same sectors.

Research Project
20 Sep 2019

Long-Run Enterprise Responses to Redistribution: Experimental Evidence from Kenya

Cash transfer programs continue to be implemented and expanded by governments and non-government organizations in many low-income countries as a tool for poverty alleviation. When implemented at scale, such programs may have important short- and long-run implications for firms. However, there are relatively few opportunities to study how an economy responds to an exogenous shock of such a magnitude, and the response of the private sector is critical in determining how these types of shocks will propagate through the economy.

Research Project
18 Sep 2019

Hawassa Industrial Park Community Impact Evaluation Follow-Up

The Government of Ethiopia has embarked on an ambitious industrialization strategy based on the creation of special economic zones as centers of export-oriented light manufacturing. The flagship industrial park of this strategy is located in the city of Hawassa, in southern Ethiopia. The Hawassa Industrial Park (HIP) is one of ten industrial parks that are currently being planned and built all over Ethiopia.

Research Project
16 Sep 2019

Impacts of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Jobs on Youth: 5-Year Evidence on Factory Job Offers and Cash Grants in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, Blattman, Dercon and Franklin (2019) randomly assign mostly female jobseekers to receive an industrial job offer or an unconditional cash transfer, meant to spur self-employment.

Research Note
12 Sep 2019

Chinese Investment in Africa: How Much Do We Know?

There is a widespread belief that China plays a fundamental role in African economies, but few rigorous empirical studies to back up this view.

Policy Paper
17 Jul 2019

Special Economic Zones: Lessons from the Global Experience

Special economic zones (SEZs) or industrial parks can be an effective instrument to promote industrialization and structural transformation, but only when implemented properly in the right context. More than 50 years of experience with special export zones yields a mixed picture.

Policy Paper
16 Jul 2019

8 Geese Flying to Ghana? A Case Study of the Impact of Chinese Investments on Africa's Manufacturing Sector

China has significantly changed its engagement mode with Africa, shifting from trade of natural resources to investment in industrial sectors.

Journal Article
18 Mar 2019

Industrial Zones and Domestic Firm Performance in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Vietnam

How do Special Economic Zones (SEZs) impact domestic firms' outcomes in low-income countries? This project aims to answer this question looking at the case of Ethiopia, Tanzania and Vietnam.

Research Project
20 Nov 2018

On the Origins and Development of Pakistan's Soccer-Ball Cluster

Sialkot, Pakistan, is the world center of hand-stitched soccer-ball manufacturing. The existence of the cluster is puzzling and seems to argue against the "home market effect", since there is little local demand for soccer balls.

Working Paper
21 Sep 2018

Landmines and Spatial Development

Landmine contamination affects the lives of millions in many conflict-ridden countries long after the cessation of hostilities. Yet, little research exists on its impact on post-conflict recovery.

Working Paper
11 Jul 2018

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