Smart Lockdowns and Learning Outcomes: Insights from 10th-Grade Examination Results in Pakistan

C-19 Note
Published on 9 November 2023


Our study finds that smart lockdowns in Lahore did not have a significant effect on 10th-grade examination results; students possibly turned to alternative learning options outside school. This suggests their potential for balancing health and education disruptions but leaves COVID-19 spread unexplored as an epidemic control strategy.


Erica Field

Duke University

Gustavo Acosta

Duke University

Harmalah Khan

Centre for Economic Research in Pakistan (CERP).

Kate Vyborny

Duke University