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Landmines and Spatial Development

Landmine contamination affects the lives of millions in many conflict-ridden countries long after the cessation of hostilities. Yet, little research exists on its impact on post-conflict recovery.

Working Paper
18 Jun 2018

Contract Employment as a Worker Discipline Device

Fixed-term contract employment has increasingly replaced regular open-ended employment as the predominant form of employment notably in developing countries. Guided by factory-level evidence showing nuanced patterns of co-movements of regular and contract wages, Basu et al.

Working Paper
1 Jun 2018

Imported inputs, Government Support and Performance of Manufacturing Exporters

Chacha and Edwards (2018) evaluate the effectiveness of trade policy incentive that promotes the use of imported intermediate inputs.

Working Paper
9 Apr 2018

Do Performance Ranks Increase Productivity? Evidence from a Field Experiment

While performance-based ranking may induce workers to increase effort because of status concerns, such information may also demotivate them or make them wary of outperforming peers.

Working Paper
12 Mar 2018

Earnings Inequality and the Minimum Wage: Evidence from Brazil

In this working paper Moser and Engbom (2016) assess the extent to which a rise in the minimum wage can account for three facts characterizing a large decline in earnings inequality in Brazil from 1996–2012: (i) the decline is more pronounced towards the bottom of the distribution; (ii) one quart

Working Paper
9 Mar 2018

Foreign Direct Investment and Knowledge Diffusion in Poor Locations: Evidence from Ethiopia

Abebe et al. (2018) quantify foreign direct investment (FDI) spillovers by comparing changes in total factor productivity (TFP) among domestic plants in districts that attracted a large greenfield foreign plant and districts where greenfield FDI was licensed but not yet operational.

Working Paper
1 Mar 2018

Investment Dynamics, Unobserved Heterogeneity and Endogenous Investment Switching Regime in Manufacturing

This paper by Samuel V. Mhlanga (2018) investigates the industrial effects of true state dependence, the sales-to-capital ratio and unobserved heterogeneity on the rate of investment in plant, machinery and equipment (PME) in Swaziland.

Working Paper
1 Jan 2018

Does Technical Efficiency Dominate Resource Reallocation in Aggregate Productivity Growth? Evidence from Swazi Manufacturing

Is the effect of input reallocation on aggregate productivity growth (APG) less than that of technical efficiency? A robust finding in two influential meta-analyses by Bartelsman et al. (2004) and Paǵes et al.

Working Paper
1 Jan 2018

The Skills to Pay the Bills: Returns to On-the-job Soft Skills Training

Adhvaryu, Kala and Nyshadham (2017) evaluate the causal impacts of on-the-job soft skills training on the productivity, wages, and retention of female garment workers in India. The program increased women’s extraversion and communication, and spurred technical skill upgrading.

Working Paper
1 Dec 2017

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